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FCI breed standard German Longhair

FCI breed standard




CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group 7 Standing Dogs.
Section 1.2 Continental Standing Dog,
Type Spaniel.
With working test.

SHORT HISTORICAL SKETCH: In the long-haired hunting dog the blood of bird, hawk, water dogs and bracken is united and thus the aptitude for great versatility is available. From the year 1879, purebred breeding began and the essential breed characteristics were established. In 1897, Vrijheer von Schorlemer established the first breed characteristics for the German longhair and thus laid the foundation for today's purebred breeding.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Strong, muscular, deep chest, flowing lines. Much substance must be demanded in smaller dogs, overly bulky and unwieldy dogs are not desirable.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Girth and skull of equal length; dog not overbuilt from behind. Shoulder slightly higher than the croup.

BEHAVIOR / CHARACTER (ARE): Balanced, calm, understated temperament, good natured, easy to lead.

MAIN: Special emphasis should be placed on the beautiful long-haired head: noble appearance, long-stemmed.

Skull: Slightly arched.
Stop: Gradual transition from forehead to bridge of nose; not with sharp angle.

Nose: Brown, light mold spots allowed.
Nose Back: Slightly curved, not too narrow.
Upper Lip: Not overhanging excessively.
Jaw/Teeth: Jaw not excessively fine. Complete, well-developed dentition with 42 teeth. Upper incisors should close scissor-like over lower incisors.
Tooth formula:
-- x 2 = 42
Cheeks: No overly strong cheekbones.

EYESColor: Brown, as dark as possible, eyelids lying close to the eyeball, without the red conjunctiva being visible. Further, neither too deep nor protruding.

ORES: Not set too low, turned slightly forward.

NECK: Strong and noble, without folds, extending in a fine line to the chest, not too short.

Back: Straight, firm, not too long.
Loin: Very well muscled.
Cross: Long, moderately sloping.
Chest: Forechest present; Chest wide and deep, reaching at least to the elbows.

START: Not too steep. It should be carried stretched, last third slightly upward.

General: The humerus, forearm and metacarpus, when viewed from the front, should form an approximately perpendicular line in a dog in stance.
Shoulder: Good connection. Seen from the side and at rest, the shoulder blade and humerus should approach a right angle as closely as possible.
Elbow: Good connection.
Wrist joint: Slightly bent.
Middle hand: Not quite straight.
Forelegs: Foot pads, rough and firm.

General: When viewed from behind, the hip bone (pelvic bone), femur, tibia and midfoot should form an approximate perpendicular line.
Leap Joint: Particular value is placed on good angulation.
Hind midquarters: No wolf claws.
Hind legs: foot pads, rough and firm.

GAIT: Extending movement with good thrust from the hindquarters.

SKIN: Tight fitting, encircling the body, without folds.

Hair: Good coat is of the utmost importance: no excessive hair growth or hair that is too short. On the back and on the flanks sideways: hair of 3-5 cm long, well attached. On the underside of the neck, on the chest and on the belly the hair may be even longer.

  • Abdomen: Well haired.
  • Ears: Hair wavy and overhanging.
  • Tail: With a good flag, hairy to the tip of the tail.
  • Back of the front legs: Furred (feathering).
  • Back of hind legs: Hairy (pants).
  • Below the ankle joint: hair considerably shorter. Too much fringe is not desirable. Spaces between toes dense and short hairy.
  • Head: Hair considerably shorter, but at least longer than in the German Standing Shorthair. Tufting ("Petruslok") on the top of the head is undesirable.
  • On the body: The hair is sleek, firm, smooth or slightly wavy, firm to the touch. Dense with good undercoat.


  • Single-color brown.
  • Brown with white or moldy spots. (Especially on the chest and legs)
  • Dark grey (with larger or smaller dark brown plates; brown head, possibly with blaze, snep or star).
  • Light mold (with larger or smaller light brown plates; brown head, possibly with blaze, snep or star).
  • Trout mold (many small brown spots on a white background. Head brown possibly with blaze, snep or star).
  • Brownish white, pure brownish white or with very few small spots (large brown plates, with saddle or coat, head: brown, possibly, with blaze, snep or star).
  • Occasionally, yellow fire can occur as an old Brak heritage.

Height at Withers: Males: 60-70 cm, ideal size: 63 - 66 cm.
Bitches: 58-66 cm, ideal size: 60 - 63 cm.
Weight: The weight is around 30 kg.

FAULT: Any deviation from the above points should be considered a fault, the assessment of which should be in good proportion to the degree of the deviation and in terms of its influence should take into account the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform the required work typical of the breed.

  • Eyes: Light hawk eye, oblique position of the eyes.
  • Ears: fur not adhering to ears (open ears), leather tips.
  • Back: Saddlebacks, carpelbacks.
  • Chest: barrel shaped, too narrow.
  • Tail: Curly and hooked tail.
  • Forelegs: Shoulder blade/upper arm angle too open, front midfoot too straight.
  • Hindquarters: Cowhocked, barrel-shaped.
  • Feet: Spreading feet, cat and hare feet.
  • Hair: Longer beard hair, bushy eyebrows; frizzy hair.
  • Aggressive or overly anxious dogs.
  • Dogs with obvious physical abnormalities or behavioral disorders.
  • Dogs with poor bone substance and inadequate muscularity.
  • Head: Dogs with head shapes that differ from type.
  • Eyes: Ectropion (eyelid turned outward), Entropion (eyelid curled inward), corrected eyelid defects included.

Note to FCI breed standard.

  • Males should have two clearly normally developed testes, fully located in the scrotum.
  • Only functionally and clinically sound, breed-typical dogs may be used for breeding.